50 Ways

50 ways orb

COMING SOON! UnErased! ReFraming the Lens of History answers the what, where, and how to infuse LGBTQ-inclusive history and academic content in a cross-curricular approach. UnErased! provides access points, background information, suggested discussion questions, learning outcomes, connections other relevant topics for further exploration, and more. (Recommended for grades 9+)

The following is an example from UnErased: ReFraming the Lens of History:


Access Point


If you teach the American Civil Rights Movement, include Zandra Rolón (Amato) and Deborah Johnson’s archival oral history testimony from Making Gay History - The Podcast. (Recommended for grades 8+)


Rationale for using archival audio oral history:


Listening is an important skill, it promotes active engagement, improves reading, and helps students understand tone, message, and main topic. It is also critical to social-emotional learning development.


Learning Outcomes


      • Identify the process and rationale for the progression of the Rólon v. Kulwitzky court case
      • Analyze specific discriminatory policies and practices relating to sexual orientation  

Essential Questions


      • What was the underlying principle of the Rólon v. Kulwitzky court case?
      • How did Rólon v. Kulwitzky clarify anti-discrimination laws and protected classes?


Background Information on the Unruh Civil Rights Act


The Unruh Civil Rights Act, named for its author Jesse Unruh, was enacted in 1959 as part of California Civil Code (section 51) to provide protection from discrimination by all businesses - including housing and public accommodations. Today, section 51 outlaws discrimination based on sex, race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, or sexual orientation. (Sexual orientation was added as a protected class in 2005). Prior to amending California Civil Code, the courts often interpreted the law as protecting classes other than those explicitly stated.


Understanding the 1984 Rólon v. Kulwitzky court case


Introduce comprehension questions to help students understand the process and rationale for the progression of the Rólon v. Kulwitzky court case. The essential questions help students understand interpretations of protected classes to include sexual orientation.



Comprehension Questions


  1. What does it mean to “file” a case?

  2. What two laws did Allred use when filing the case?

  3. What was the purpose of the injunction?

  4. What reason does the first judge give for not ordering an injunction?

  5. The case was on the front page of several newspapers. Why do you think this was front-page news in 1983?

  6. What did the appellate court decide?

  7. What impact did the California Supreme Court’s decision have on the appellate court’s ruling?

  8. Johnson compares their case to incidents in the segregated South. To what incidents might she be referring? Is this a fair comparison? Why?

  9. What is the double standard that Johnson refers to when speaking about the lower court?

Suggested Connections: Masterpiece Cakeshop v Colorado Civil Rights Commission oral arguments transcript (December 5, 2017) and/or federal and state laws regarding gender equity and Title IX


K-12 educators are managing more today than ever before, and that is why UnErased: 5o Ways to UnErase History is the groundbreaking answer to what, where and how to infuse LGBTQ-inclusive history and academic content.